Junior Certificate

Cells – Chapter Summary

A living thing is called an organism, e.g. a dog is an organism, so is a daffodil. The characteristics of living things are: Feeding -living things need food to get energy. Movement - living things move either their whole body (animals) or parts of the body (plants). Respiration - process by which organisms… Continue Reading →

Aural Exam Focused Listening Technique

This technique is thought to focus the listener even before hearing the tape and thus “subdue panic” and “increase exam productivity”. The technique can be summarised as follows: Read the instructions carefully (even though they always begin in the same manner, there is usually some information about the piece you… Continue Reading →

How to write a good essay in 5 paragraphs

This video explains how to write good brief essays by using a few principles. Learn how to state, quote and explain to convince the reader about your point of view.

English Comparative Linking Phrases

It is important not to repeat the same words over and over again in your English comparative essay on paper 2. Use different linking words to keep your writing interesting. Listed here are some examples of comparing and contrasting words. Comparing Similarities Similarly Likewise … is common in… Equally noticeable… Continue Reading →

Hardness in Water

Hard water is any water that forms a scum with soap. Soft water forms lather with soap. Hardness is caused by dissolved calcium and magnesium icons (Ca2+ and Mg2+). Temporary hardness Temporary hardness can be removed by boiling the water. Problems caused by temporary hardness: forms scum (wastes soap), limescale… Continue Reading →