Junior Certificate

How to Read Sheet Music

Like an actor’s script, a sheet of music instructs a musician on what to play (the pitch) and when to play it (the rhythm). Sheet music may look complicated, but once you’ve gotten the hang of a few simple elements like notes, bars and clefs, you’re ready to rock.

How Tsunamis Work

The immense swell of a tsunami can grow up to 100 feet, hitting speeds over 500 mph — a treacherous combination for anyone or anything in its path. Alex Gendler details the causes of these towering terrors and explains how scientists are seeking to reduce their destruction in the future.

Junior Cert. Science: Nutrition and Digestion

Food is needed for energy, growth, repair and protection against disease in the body. Food is made up of chemicals called nutrients A food’s energy value is how much energy that can be obtained from the food. A balanced diet consists of the correct amounts of each type of food…. Continue Reading →

Cells – Chapter Summary

A living thing is called an organism, e.g. a dog is an organism, so is a daffodil. The characteristics of living things are: Feeding -living things need food to get energy. Movement – living things move either their whole body (animals) or parts of the body (plants). Respiration – process by which organisms… Continue Reading →

Aural Exam Focused Listening Technique

This technique is thought to focus the listener even before hearing the tape and thus “subdue panic” and “increase exam productivity”. The technique can be summarised as follows: Read the instructions carefully (even though they always begin in the same manner, there is usually some information about the piece you… Continue Reading →