India – Factors that influence development of primary activities (farming)

India – Factors that influence development of primary activities (farming)

  • Relief, soils and climate have influenced the primary activity.
  • India ranks second worldwide in terms of farm output.
  • The two main crops are rice and wheat.
  • Rice is mainly produced in the north-east in the alluvial solid of the Ganges valley.
  • Wheat is the main crop in the drier north-west.
  • Wheat and rice cultivation are based on the monsoons.
  • Rice is cultivated in the wet season and wheat in the drier season.
  • In general, farming in India is intensive and farm units are small. This is realtes to high population densities.
  • There is a demand for higher food production due to India’s rapidly growing population. The government responded by funding the ‘Green Revolution‘.

The Green Revolution

The green revolution is the trem given to the programme of producing genetically modified, high-yield varieties of stable crops, such as rice and wheat. These crops produce high yields and are resistant to many deseases and pests.

Benefits of the Green Revolution

  • High yields of crops.
  • Improved irrigation.
  • Education programes for farmers.

Problems

  • Greater use of fertilisers and pesticides which cause environmental damage. (eg. water and ground pollution from chemicals).
  • Rural unemployment due to machinery replacing workers. This causes rural-urbal migration.
  • Poor farmers cannot afford fertilisers and seeds.
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